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Karate

Karate Ni Sente Nashi
(Karate is for self-defense, not offense)
 
"Karate is an art of self-protecting and countering by hand, involving the use of fists, fingers, hands, arms, feet and even the entire body.  This martial art was introduced from China to Okinawa where it was perfected by incessant study" (Andagi 68).  It started with the combination of Chinese martial arts or kenpo,  and the native martial art called Te, which existed in Okinawa since ancient times. The two were infused together thus creating karate.  Several factors aided in the evolution and systematization of Karate.  In 1372 trade began with China and many forms of Chinese martial arts were introduced.   Secondly, there was a policy banning weapons by King Shoshin (1477-1526), and third, the Satsuma clan's invasion of Ryukyu.  Okinawans methodically changed it to adapt it to their needs (History).
"Around this time, so-called 'Traditional Karate' had no ryu (schools) at all. But it seems that the Okinawans were successfully implementing the characteristics of Shorin-ryu and Shorei-ryu, both of which had been imported from China.  Today's concept of ryu was developed at the start of the 20th Century. Before that, the styles were divided into Shuri-te (later Shorinji-ryu, Shorin-ryu, etc.), Naha-te (later Goju-ryu, etc.) and Tomari-te (later Matsubayashi-ryu, etc.) They were all named after the features of their kata, traditional place-names, and so on. There were also the Ryuei-ryu and Pangainun-ryu (later Uechi-ryu) schools, which originated in Nanpa Shorin Ken from China."

"It was in the 1920s that the ryu or school system was organized as it remains today. After World War II, there was strong segmentation of the ryu, and there are over 60 ryu and associations today (History)."

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(History of Karate)

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